Balasubramaniem was born in Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, where he did his early schooling. He later moved to Thirupattur, near Karaikudi, where he completed his schooling and did his college. He studied B.Sc.Physics in APSA college, Trippattur. He is married to Television newsreader E. Mala. He has two sons, namely - Kavin and Karun. He started his career by assisting noted cinematographer P.C. Sreeram for nearly 5 years, in award-winning films like Thevar Magan (1992), Thiruda Thiruda (1993) and Kuruthipunal (1995). Finally he made his independent debut as Director of Photography (DOP) with Kamal Hassan's Hindi version of Magalir Mattum titled Ladies only which was not released and later received acclaim for historical film, Vaatakudi Eranian. He did many films afterwards the prominent ones being Pithamagan, M Kumaran S/O Mahalakshmi, Thambi, Azhagiya Thamizh Magan and 180. His recent projects include Oru Kal Oru Kannadi, Neerparavai, Kanna Laddu Thinna Aasaiya, Varuthapadatha Valibar Sangam, Idhu Kathirvelan Kadhal, Nanbenda, Rajini Murugan, Idhu Namma Aalu, Pasanga 2 and Kathakali.